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考研英语:大作文热点话题预测——社会发展热点现象类

2021-09-01 18:15
2020考研英语(一)大作文热点话题预测:社会发展热点现象类

 

【考点考向】社会发展热点现象

【必备主题词】

1. 社会适应性强       the improved social adaptive capacity

2. 城市化                urbanization

3. 追求幸福    pursue/seek happiness

4. 为人民谋幸福   work for the well-being of the people

5. 交通拥堵       traffic congestion

6. 很好的社会地位  high social status

7. 物质基础       material basis 

8. 可持续发展      sustainable development 

9. 社会和谐    social harmony

10. 满足物质需求   fulfill one’s material needs

【必备论证素材句】

1. 我们都知道城市化的发展不仅给我们社会带来很多好处,也带来了一些负面影响。

All of us acknowledge that the development of urbanization brings not only lots of benefits, but also some negative effects to our society.

2. 城市为我们提供了更舒适的生活环境,更好的教育和更多的就业机会。

Cities provide us with more comfortable living environment, better education and more job opportunities.

3.我们应该坚持可持续发展的理念,以促进社会和谐。

We should insist on the concept of sustainable development so as to promote the social harmony.

【实战演练】

Directions:   

Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain its intended meaning, and

3) give your comments.

You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

 图片2.png

                        占地

          (图片转载自“中国新闻漫画网”)

 

At the first sight of this picture, I am shocked by the scene that a bulldozer is heading for a farmer’s land while he is working laboriously on his crops. The bulldozer destroys his farmland and encroaches on it. Not far behind the bulldozer are tall buildings and shopping districts that have already been built or are under construction. This cartoon with a caption saying “Encroachment on Farmland” is really thought-provoking and reminds us of this social problem brought by urbanization.

The past several years witnessed a growing number of discussions about urbanization among citizens. All of us acknowledge that the development of urbanization brings not only lots of benefits, but also some negative effects to our society. Cities provide us with more comfortable living environment, better education and more job opportunities. However, we cannot ignore the very fact caused by excessive urbanization: A large amount of arable land has been occupied, and the material basis on which farmers depend on has been deprived of; traffic congestion and pollution are becoming increasingly serious in cities.

    Therefore, we should cultivate a rational attitude towards urbanization and balance the urban development and rural construction. We should insist on the concept of sustainable development so as to promote the social harmony.

 


 

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