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2022考研英语长难句每日精讲(6.15)

2021-06-14 15:52:43

​​< 今日长难句 >

This success, coupled with later research showing that memory itself is not genetically determined, led Ericsson to conclude that the act of memorizing is more of a cognitive exercise than an intuitive one.

 

In other words, whatever inborn differences two people may exhibit in their abilities to memorize, those differences are swamped by how well each person “encodes” the information.

 

And the best way to learn how to encode information meaningfully, Ericsson determined, was a process known as deliberate practice.

 

Deliberate practice entails more than simply repeating a task.

 

Rather, it involves setting specific goals, obtaining immediate feedback and concentrating as much on technique as on outcome.

 

< 句子结构 >

第一句

This success, coupled with later research showing that memory itself is not genetically determined, led Ericsson to conclude that the act of memorizing is more of a cognitive exercise than an intuitive one.

 

 

第二句

In other words, whatever inborn differences two people may exhibit in their abilities to memorize, those differences are swamped by how well each person “encodes” the information.

 

 

第三句

And the best way to learn how to encode information meaningfully, Ericsson determined, was a process known as deliberate practice.

 

 

第四句

Deliberate practice entails more than simply repeating a task.

 

 

第五句

Rather, it involves setting specific goals, obtaining immediate feedback and concentrating as much on technique as on outcome.

 

 

< 本句译文 >

第一句译文:
这项成功使得埃里克森得出如下结论:记忆更像是认知练习,而非由直觉决定。后续的研究也表明记忆本身并非由基因决定。

第二句译文:

换而言之,无论两个人在记忆能力上表现出多大的先天差异,通过对信息进行充分的“编码”就可以消除这些差异。

第三句译文:

并且,埃里克森断定,学习对信息进行有意义的编码的最佳方式,是一个被称为刻意练习的过程。

第四句译文:

刻意练习并不是简单重复某项任务。

第五句译文:

更确切的说,刻意练习需要我们设定具体目标、获取即时反馈、关注技法的同时关注结果。

 

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