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2020考研英语复习:六种状语从句

2019-04-10 13:35:16 海文考研

2020考研英语复习:六种状语从句

状语从句是英语复习的重点知识,状语从句种类分为时间状语从句,原因状语从句,条件状语从句、比较状语从句等,主要功能是做主语的状语,由完整的主谓句构成。以下我们来看看状语从句的种类以及每种不同种类的状语从句的连接关键词:

 ▶条件转语从句

1)though:可以倒装

2)although:不可倒装,必须放在句首

3)even if = even though

4)as → 必须倒装

1.如果动词,现在分词提前放在句首,谓语要补加助动词do does will

2.作表语用的单数可数名词放在句首时,该名词前不加冠词。

eg:Fool as Jane is,she could not have done such thing.

3.Much 提前时必须用as ,Much as “尽管非常”(副词作状语)

5)while

1.从句放在主句之前

2.“尽管、虽然”

3.表达并列的转折(即主语与从句的动作是同时发生的)  whether——or 无论——还是

6)no matter how = however (however更广泛)(也可把however换成what、how、where、when)

7)译成“尽管”as...as  (as) much as  for all (that)  despite / in spite of the fact that

8)译成“即使”assuming that / granting (granted) that /


▶ 比较状语从句

1)adj. adv.比较级、最高级的用法

2)比较级前的修饰语:many much far / a little / a bit / slightly / a great deal / a lot / somewhat / rather

3)数词+名词+比较级+than

4)本身有“比......年长”、“比......优越”等含义→ infinite superior senior 和to 连用 高中语法总结

5)本身有“最、极”等含义→ absolute / unique / infinite / round / right /correct / wrong / perfect

6)Of a +noun =adj 用more修饰 Eg. He is more of a doctor 他更像个医生

7)最高级前的限定词:the 物主代词 (作表语不加限定词Her theory is most convincing.)

8) the more

1....the more “越---越”

2.(not) so/as——as “如同......一样,不如“

3.the same(...) as “和......一样”

4.A not any more than B = A no more than B“正如A不能......B也不能......”

5.not...more A than B “与其说是--- 不如说是---”

6.not so much...as...“与其......不如......“

7.A is to B what C is to D

8.as...as possible / one can(could) / can be“尽可能地......”

9.no more than= not as...as(不)像…一样

10.no less than= as...as


▶ 时间状语从句

1)when表示“当…的时候”,指一个时间点(段)或持续的动作

2)while表示“在…的同时”,只能表示持续性的动作或状态,不表示瞬间的动作。

3)hardly / scarcely +完成时+when+过去时=as soon as

4) No sooner +完成时+than +过去时= as soon as

5)since “自从”主句完成时,从句瞬间动词Eg.Since he lived in Nanjing , from him.

6) till / until “直到…”(till 不能用于句首)① 肯定句中,主句用延续性动词 Eg. I will wait here until the concert is over.② 否定句中,主句用瞬间动词 Eg. She can’t leave until Friday.

7)其它引导词:as, after, before, once, by the time that, directly, immediately, instantly, the instant, the minute, the moment, the day, each time, every time, next time, the first/second/last time, (ever) since, soon after= shortly after, whenever


▶ 原因状语从句

引导词:because 因为 as 因为、既然 since 因为、既然、由于 now(that)既然 for fear(that)以免、惟恐 for fear Lest 惟恐 in that 由于、因为 in as much as=in so far that 因为、既然 on the grounds that 基于 on account of the fact that 由于、因为 owing to the fact that 由于、因为 considering that 因为、考虑到 seeing that 鉴于、考虑到 whereas = in view of the fact 。


▶结果状语从句

1) ① so + adj./adv.

② so + adj. +a/an + n.

③ so + much/ many/ few/ little +n.

④ such + n. ...+that

2) 其它引导词:to such a degree that , to such an extent that , with the result that , so much so

that , to the extent that , in so much that , but that


▶方式状语从句

引导词:as...(so) , as if = as though , (just) as , however , like , the way...


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